The last five years have witnessed to the Morocco a real estate boom which has affected all categories of housing. According to Ahmed Taoufiq Hejira, in command of the Department in charge of Habitat and urbanism for seven years, the dynamism of the sector is barely begun by the international economic crisis. It confirms a high demand of social housing and housing for the middle classes in Moroccan society. Without denying the slowdown in the promotion of standing for a few months where he deplores prices become excessive, it attaches to compensate for the deficit of the national park and meet the needs of all social categories. It evaluates to 1 million people poorly housed or residing in poorly equipped housing. This figure, 460.000 live in slums or dwellings threatening ruin, and the balance of 540,000 in decent housing but who do not respect the rules of urban planning.
What is the situation of the housing stock in the Morocco
All indicators continue to be green despite a net settlement in luxury housing. A few cities, including Marrakech and Tangiers, suffering from overproduction of these housing accentuated by a possible decrease in demand from foreigners and Moroccans residing abroad. However, the unprecedented success that comes to the sixth edition of the SMAP, Salon Moroccan real estate in Paris with more than 45,000 visitors, demonstrates that it is passenger.
For other segments, I recalled that half of the 30 million inhabitants of the country live in rural areas. We meet the annual demand of 130 000 new households. Among the 15 urban million, slightly less than one-third is poorly housed. On the 300,000 households living in slums identified at the time of the launch in July 2004 of the "Cities without slums" program, half was relocated. The program of resorption, total eradication to the horizon 2012 of slums in urban spaces, materialized to date by 150,000 destruction and infected 83 32 cities by this phenomenon have all these slum. There are still 150,000 huts, including 70,000 in Casablanca. We enable the pace of house demolitions for 50,000 each year.
The great challenge for which a budget of 25 billion dirhams, of which 10 billion subsidized by the State, has been reserved, is one of the priorities of the Government's action plan in the field of social development and poverty alleviation.
What other government projects
We must intensify and diversify supply. We launched a new program dedicated to the very poor with a selling price of the order of 12.500 EUR for an apartment of 50 to 60 m2 in the cities that have land. Purchasers household income must not exceed 1.5 SMIG or 280 euros, the SMIG around 200. Launched in 33 cities, the first building cover 25,000 housing units and the first deliveries will be end of 2009.
The program "Cities without slums" who released 32 cities of this wound in will be between 20 and 30 more this year, corresponding to the destruction of 40 to 50,000 barracks.
To accommodate the middle classes, we act on four levers: the opening of the suburbs for real programs launched by developers private; the construction of operations, economic villas and apartments standing totalling 50,000 units financed from public funds that the State makes and sells to the public between 30 and 100,000 euros. upgrading of the concept of cooperatives whose purpose is to bring together producers of housing of the buyers; derogations of planning for projects which have conditions of favourable livability for the middle class.
Where are the building of new cities
Four new cities launched by his Majesty the King, two are under delivery. Twelve kilometres from Marrakech, Tamansourt, developed on 1,700 hectares will house term, in ten years, 300,000 inhabitants. Already 500 households there are installed. Tamesna, near Rabat, on 1,000 hectares, will host 250,000 people and sees the first families moved. To the northeast of the Kingdom, on the Mediterranean, the work starting at Aroui, near Nadar. In Chrafat, near Tangiers on 1,500 hectares reside 150,000 inhabitants.
At these four cities will be added those of Lkhyaita between Casablanca and El Jadida on 1,300 hectares and Tagadirt near Agadir on 1,600.